[Excerpt]: This article focuses on how a human rights framework challenges the use of seclusion and restraint as a necessary evil. Using Australia as an example of a country which has endeavoured in recent years to reduce seclusion and at least some forms of restraint in health care settings, it examines the relevant Articles set out in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and how they may be used to drive reforms. It is argued that because seclusion and restraint can lead to adverse consequences, they fall within the ambit of Article 16's focus on the prevention of all forms of exploitation, violence and abuse. Further, because persons with mental or intellectual impairments are more likely to have experienced significant trauma in their lives than others, the obligation placed on States Parties under Article 16 to protect persons with disabilities from all forms of exploitation, violence and abuse should be read as promoting alternatives to the practices of seclusion and restraint. The next section outlines the most relevant CRPD Articles for practices in health care settings and argues that together they provide a framework for reducing the use of coercive practices in general and seclusion and restraint in particular.